BASIC BEGINNER'S EQUIPMENT LIST:
Bee suit (Veil, jacket, gloves)
Smoker (with fuel) or Liquid Bee Smoke (with spray bottle)
Jar (to collect removed comb scrapings)
Basket or Box (to contain your equipment)
Notebook and pencil (to record treatments)
BASIC HIVE COMPONENT LIST:
Outer Cover (with something to hold it down)
Inner Cover (depression faces up)
Super (range in sizes from shallow to deep)
Hive Body (Often a deep super)
Bottom Board (Screened is preferred for diagnostic and ventilation purposes)
Feeder (external is easiest, and requires a mason jar)
Equipment for a basic stand (cinderblocks and 2x4's)
BASIC DO'S AND DON'T'S:
Do check your bees weekly.
Do orient your hive to receive morning sun and evening shade.
Do get to know surrounding landowners, and offer bee-friendly pesticide solutions.
Do make sure your hive is close to a fresh water source.
Do make sure the surrounding area has foraging sources (white clover, trees, etc.)
Don't go into your bees on chilly, wet days.
Don't forget to feed your bees!
Don't take all of the honey from your bees. They need 1 full super to go the winter.
Don't assume your bees are healthy. Test for mites regularly.
Don't assume your bees won't sting you. ALWAYS WEAR YOUR VEIL!
Boil your water, remove from heat, let cool, and THEN dissolve your sugar.
Spring feeding: 1:1 Sugar/Water ratio
Fall feeding: 2:1 Sugar/Water ratio
WINTER EMERGENCY FEED-- 3 pounds sugar, 1 cup water, 1 cup pollen, bring water and sugar to boil on candy thermometer of 230 degrees. Remove from heat, add pollen. Pour into greased pie plates, let harden, remove and feed as candy patties under your inner cover.
Recipes courtesy of: Brushy Mountain Bee Farm http://www.brushymountainbeefarm.com/catalog.html